Published in IJCP November 2018
Is It Structural or Metabolic? A Diagnostic Dilemma
November 04, 2018 | E Sumanraj, N Vijayakumar, A Nanjilkumaran, R Umarani

Osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS), a disease affecting chronic alcoholic and malnourished patients was described by Adams and colleagues in 1959. It is also known as pontine myelinolysis. Pontine myelinolysis can be subdivided into central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) and extrapontine myelinolysis (EPM) depending upon the level of demyelination, within the pons or outside the pons, respectively. Rapid correction of hyponatremia contributes to the pathogenesis of ODS. Whenever a chronic alcoholic and/or malnourished develops confusion, quadriplegia, pseudobulbar palsy and pseudocoma (Lockedin- syndrome) over a period of several days, a high index of suspicion for ODS must be held.